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Step up to a Healthier You with the Haldimand-Norfolk Health Unit

Nutrition Labels

Why are the nutrients on the Nutrition Facts table important for your health?

Fat provides energy and nutrients for your body. However, if you eat too much fat or too much of certain kinds of fat, such as saturated fat and trans fat, you could develop heart disease or type 2 diabetes.

Your body makes most of its own cholesterol, but also gets some cholesterol from foods that you eat. Cholesterol builds the cells and hormones in your body. Too much cholesterol in your blood can lead to heart attacks or strokes.

Sodium is another name for salt. Salt helps to balance the fluids in your body, but for some people, eating too much salt may be harmful.

Carbohydrate provides energy for your muscles and your brain. Sugar and fibre are two types of carbohydrate shown on the Nutrition Facts table. If you have diabetes, you can help control your blood glucose by:

  • Dividing carbohydrate evenly into meals and snacks throughout the day
  • Eating foods high in fibre

Protein builds your muscles, bones and teeth.

Vitamin A keeps your skin and eyesight healthy. Vitamin C helps your body fight infections.

Calcium gives you strong bones and teeth and may prevent osteoporosis. Iron helps your red blood cells carry oxygen throughout your body.

Eat a variety of foods to get the nutrients your body needs.

© 2007 Canadian Diabetes Association and Dietitians of Canada.